There are many who can tell about their startling experience when, for the first time, they saw somebody having an attack of epilepsy. Epilepsy occurs due to excessive electrical activity in the brain. It causes involuntary alterations in behavior and consciousness.
For the first timers, seeing someone having an attack of convulsions is frightening and at the same time confusing. They do not understand how they can help the patient. So, here are some guidelines about how you can actively help someone having an attack of epilepsy, rather than being a mere bystander.
- Loosen clothing around the patient’s neck
- Do not try to restrain or hold down the patient
- Do not insert any object in his or her mouth
- Remove sharp objects such as glasses and furniture from around the patient to prevent injury
- Provide a cushion to the head
- Protect the person from falling by providing gentle support
- Once the attack subsides, lay the person on his or her side in order to keep the airways open and to prevent inhalation of secretions from the mouth and the stomach
- Never leave the person alone after a seizure
- Make sure he or she is breathing well. If not, seek immediate medical attention.
- Observe the duration of the attack, the parts of the body involved and the direction of the movements of the head, so that you can provide this information to the treating doctor
If you are suffering from epilepsy, here’s a list of things you can do to prevent the attacks and to protect yourself from harm if you get one.
- Let those around you, including your colleagues, be aware of your illness. This will ensure better preparedness for taking care of you in case of emergencies.
- Always carry medical identification, especially when you are out of town or not around your close ones
- Avoid potential dangers such as moving machinery, at home or work. Avoid visiting places of high altitude
- Take your medications exactly as prescribed. Most patients with epilepsy are advised to use anti-epilepsy drugs like Trileptal. It contains oxcarbazepine, which helps to prevent convulsions by minimizing the repetitive propagation of impulses through the nervous system. This medicine is usually prescribed in a dose of 300 mg, 2 times a day. However, it is best to start using Trileptal after consulting your doctor about its dosage.
- Avoid alcohol. It is known to interfere with the action of most anti-epilepsy drugs resulting in serious reaction.
- Remain active, but choose your sports and other activities intelligently
If you know someone suffering from epilepsy, I am sure by now you are well versed with what needs to be done if the patient gets an attack. If you are suffering from it, you can let your close friends and relatives know about these guidelines so that you are better off when you get the attack. And above all, don’t forget to take anti-epilepsy medications like Trileptal as they will be your prime guardians against epilepsy.